Immigration to the USA to be suspended amid Coronavirus pandemic
Trump administration officials on Tuesday morning scrambled to finalize an executive order after President Donald Trump said in a late-night tweet he would temporarily suspend immigration to the United States as the nation battles the health and economic effects of the coronavirus pandemic.
“In light of the attack from the Invisible Enemy, as well as the need to protect the jobs of our GREAT American Citizens, I will be signing an Executive Order to temporarily suspend immigration into the United States!” he tweeted.
Officials were still working to draft the executive order, according to an administration official, but hope to have it completed in the next few days for Trump to sign. While the language is still being finalized, the order is expected to temporarily halt the issuance of new green cards and work visas — steps that had already effectively already been in place amid the coronavirus pandemic.
Details of the president’s plan, including to whom it would apply, how long it would last and when it would go into effect, were unclear as of Tuesday afternoon.
According to a Department of Justice official, the draft executive order is currently under review by the Office of Legal Counsel. The official declined further comment.
Kayleigh McEnany, the White House press secretary, said in a statement that Trump “is committed to protecting the health and economic well-being of American citizens as we face unprecedented times.”
“As President Trump has said, ‘Decades of record immigration have produced lower wages and higher unemployment for our citizens, especially for African-American and Latino workers,’ ” she said. “At a time when Americans are looking to get back to work, the action is necessary.”
The move would be the broadest expansion of restrictions imposed in the U.S. since the outbreak of the pandemic earlier this year.
Trump previously banned most travel from China, where the coronavirus emerged, and from more than two dozen European nations, where it spread seemingly unhindered. He also closed the borders with Canada and Mexico for most nonessential travel. And the pandemic has of course sharply reduced travel worldwide.
“There’s so little travel right now that at the margin the policy change that was announced last night isn’t going to be economically significant in the short run because there’s no movement about,” Kevin Hassett, a White House economic adviser, told reporters on Tuesday.
Trump campaigned and partly won the presidency on a pledge to reduce illegal immigration, and the number of people crossing the Southern border illegally has dropped since he took office. He has also slashed the U.S. refugee resettlement program and cracked down on asylum-seekers. His administration has tried to move the U.S. toward a points-based immigration system, such as those used in Canada and Australia.
Jared Kushner, Trump’s son-in-law, and senior adviser had been quietly trying to resurrect discussions to overhaul the U.S. immigration system. Earlier this year, Kushner met with business leaders, immigration hard-liners and other interest groups with the goal of rolling out a new immigration plan once the president’s impeachment trial ended. The status of those talks is unclear; they were conducted against the backdrop of a booming economy, which needed workers to fill critical job openings.
But the pandemic has essentially erased the 22 million jobs created over the past decade, perhaps changing the prospects of an attempt to overhaul of the immigration system.
Last month, the State Department announced it was stepping up the processing of seasonal guest workers, who help maintain the food supply. The nation’s agricultural laborers have been officially declared “essential workers.”
Earlier Monday, a federal judge in California ordered U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement to “identify and track” every person in ICE detention at an elevated risk of complications from COVID-19 and to consider releasing those detainees, regardless of their legal status.